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Motto: Dios y Federación  God and Federation
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo  Glory to the Brave People  

Capital Caracas
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Venezuelan
Government Presidential republic
Independence from Spain – July 5, 1811/ from Gran Colombia, Jan. 13,1830 /Recognized, Mar 30, 1845
Area 916,445 km (33rd) / 353,841 sq mi
Population February 2008 estimate 28,199,822 (40th)
Currency Bolívar fuerte

[show-map id=’22’] Geography
Venezuela, a third larger than Texas, occupies most of the northern coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south.   Venezuela’s mainland rests on the South American Plate with 1,740 mi of coastline.  Venezuela is home to a wide variety of landscapes. The extreme northeastern of the Andes reach into Venezuela.  The country’s center is characterized extensive plains.  Guiana Highlands is home to the northern fringes of the Amazon Basin and Angel Falls, the world’s highest waterfall.  Though Venezuela is entirely situated in the tropics, its climate varies substantially; from that of humid low-elevation plains, to glaciers and highlands with an average yearly temperature of 46 °F.  Annual rainfall varies between 17-39 inches.  

Venezuela’s heritage, art, and culture have been heavily influenced by its Latin American context. These elements extend to its architecture and art.  Venezuelan culture has been shaped by indigenous, Spanish and African influences. Venezuelan art was initially dominated by religious motifs, but began emphasizing historical and heroic representations in the late 19th century, a move led by Martín Tovar y Tovar. Modernism took over in the 20th century. Venezuelan literature originated soon after the Spanish conquest of the mostly pre-literate indigenous societies; it was dominated by Spanish influences. Following the rise of political literature during the War of Independence, Venezuelan Romanticism, emerged as the first important genre.   The national musical instrument is the cuatro. Typical musical styles and pieces mainly emerged in and around the llanos region.  The national dance is the joropo. In the last years, Classical Music has had great performances.  Baseball is Venezuela’s most popular sport, although football (soccer), spearheaded by the Venezuela national football team, is gaining influence.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia