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Bernie Williams

Ecuador

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Motto: “Dios, patria y libertad” ,  “Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate” , “God, homeland and liberty”
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria We Salute You, Our Homeland

Capital Quito  
Largest city  Guayaquil
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Ecuadorian, Ecuadorean
Government Presidential republic
Independence from Spain May 24, 1822 / from Gran Colombia May 13, 1830
Area 256,370 km² (73rd) / 98,985 sq mi
Population 2007 estimate13,755,680 (65th)
Currency U.S. dollar

[show-map id=’9′] Geography
Ecuador, about equal in area to Nevada, is in the northwest part of South America fronting on the Pacific. To the north is Colombia and to the east and south is Peru. Two high and parallel ranges of the Andes, traversing the country from north to south, are topped by tall volcanic peaks. The highest is Chimborazo at 20,577 ft . The Galápagos Islands or Colón Archipelago: 3,029 sq mi, in the Pacific Ocean about 600 mi (966 km) west of the South American mainland, became part of Ecuador in 1832.  Ecuador’s capital is Quito, which is in the province of Pichincha in the Sierra region. Its largest city is Guayaquil, in the province of Guayas on the Coast. Cotopaxi, which is just south of Quito, features one of the world’s highest active volcanoes. The top of Mount Chimborazo (6,310-m above sea level) is considered to be the most distant point from the center of the earth.  Although the country is not particularly large there is great variety in the climate, largely determined by altitude.  Because of its location at the equator, Ecuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the course of a year.

Culture
Ecuador’s mainstream culture is defined by its mestizo majority and, like their ancestry, is a mixture of European and Amerindian influences infused with African elements inherited from enslaved ancestors. Ecuador’s indigenous communities are integrated into that mainstream culture to varying degrees, but some may also practice their own autochthonous cultures, particularly the more remote indigenous communities of the Amazon basin.  The Panama hat is of Ecuadorian origin, and is known there as “Sombrero de paja toquilla”, or a Jipijapa.   Notable people born in Ecuador include painters Tábara, Guayasamín, Kingman, Rendón, Arauz, Constanté, Viteri, Molinari, Maldonado, Gutierrez, Endara Crow, Villacís, Egas, Villafuerte and Faini; animator Mike Judge; poet and statesman José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri, scholar Benjamín Urrutia, and tennis player Pancho Segura.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia