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Colombia

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Motto: “Libertad y Orden”   “Liberty and Order”
Anthem: “Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!”  

Capital Bogotá
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Colombian
Government Presidential republic
Independence from Spain – Declared  July 20, 1810 / Recognized – August 7, 1819
Area 1,141,748 km² (26th) / 440,839 sq mi
Population April 2008 estimate 44,087,000 (29th)
Currency Colombian peso

[show-map id=’5′] Geography
Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile’s arable land. At the southern tip of Chile’s mainland is Punta Arenas, the southernmost city in the world, and beyond that lies the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island divided between Chile and Argentina. The southernmost point of South America is Cape Horn, a 1,390-foot (424 m) rock on Horn Island in the Wollaston group, which belongs to Chile. Chile also claims sovereignty over 482,628 sq mi (1,250,000 sq km) of Antarctic territory; the Juan Fernández Islands, about 400 mi (644 km) west of the mainland; and Easter Island, about 2,000 mi (3,219 km) west.

Culture
Through the colonial period following the conquest, and during the early Republican period, the country’s culture was dominated by the Spanish. Other European influences, primarily English, French, and German began in the 19th century and have continued to this day. German migrants influenced the Bavarian style rural architecture and cuisine in the south of Chile in cities such as Valdivia and Puerto Montt. The national dance is the cueca. A traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada.  Arising from music imported by the Spanish colonists. In the mid-1960s native musical forms were revitalized by the Parra family with the Nueva Canción Chilena, which was associated with political activists and reformers.  Chileans call their country país de poetas—country of poets.   Chilean cuisine is a reflection of the country’s topographical variety, featuring an assortment of seafood, beef, fruits, and vegetables. Traditional recipes include cazuela, empanadas, humitas, and curanto a stew that includes fish, chicken, shellfish, lamb, pork, beef and potato made with white wine.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia