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Motto: En unión y libertad “In Union and Liberty”
Anthem: Himno Nacional Argentino
Capital  Buenos Aires
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Arabs, British, French, Native American
Demonym Argentine
Government Federal presidential republic
Independence from Spain / May Revolution 25 May 1810   – Declared 9 July 1816
Area 2,766,890 km² (8th) / 1,073,514 sq mi
Population 2007 estimate 40,301,927 (30th)
Currency Peso (ARS)

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Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (22,834 ft, 6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. Argentina is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, and by Uruguay and Brazil on the east. The northern area is the swampy and partly wooded Gran Chaco, bordering on Bolivia and Paraguay. South of that are the rolling, fertile Pampas, which are rich in agriculture and sheep- and cattle-grazing and support most of the population. Next southward is Patagonia, a region of cool, arid steppes with some wooded and fertile sections.

Argentine culture has significant European influences. Buenos Aires, considered by many its cultural capital, is often said to be the most European city in South America, as a result both of the prevalence of people of European descent and of conscious imitation of European styles in architecture. The other big influence is the gauchos and their traditional country lifestyle of self-reliance. Finally, indigenous American traditions (like mate tea drinking) have been absorbed into the general cultural milieu.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia