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Honduras

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Motto: “Libre, Soberana e Independiente.” “Free, Sovereign and Independent”
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras

Capital Tegucigalpa
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Honduran
Government ????
Independence from Spain – September 15, 1821 / from Mexico 1823 / from the PUCA 1838
Area 112,492 km² (102nd) / 43,278 sq mi
Population September 2007 estimate 7,483,763² (96th)
Currency Lempira

[show-map id=’12’] Geography
Honduras, in the north-central part of Central America, has a Caribbean as well as a Pacific coastline. Guatemala is to the west, El Salvador to the south, and Nicaragua to the east. The second-largest country in Central America, Honduras is slightly larger than Tennessee. Generally mountainous, the country is marked by fertile plateaus, river valleys, and narrow coastal plains.  The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast.   The Honduran territory consists mainly of mountains (~81%), but there are narrow plains along the coasts, a large undeveloped lowland jungle La Mosquitia region in the northeast, and the heavily populated lowland San Pedro Sula valley in the northwest.  In La Mosquitia, lies the UNESCO-world heritage site Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, with the Coco River which divides the country from Nicaragua.  The Islas de la Bahía and the Swan Islands (all off the north coast) are part of Honduras.

Culture
The most renowned Honduran painter is Jose Antonio Velásquez. Two of Honduras’ most notable writers are Froylan Turcios and Ramón Amaya Amador. Hondurans are often referred to as Catracho or Catracha (fem) in Spanish. The word was coined by Nicaraguans and derives from the last name of the French Honduran General Florencio Xatruch, who, in 1857, led Honduran armed forces against an invasion by North American adventurer William Walker. The nickname is considered complimentary, not derogatory.  Honduran cuisine makes extensive use of coconut, in both sweet and savory foods, and soups.  Honduras is influential in Central American music, having the first music academy in the Americas.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia