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El Salvador


Motto: “Dios, Unión, Libertad”  “God, Union, Liberty”
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador

Capital San Salvador
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Salvadoran
Government Presidential republic
Independence from Spain, September 15, 1821 / from the UPCA 1842
Area 21,040 km² / 8,124 sq mi
Population estimate 6,600,000 (97th)
Currency United States dollar ($) 2001–present

[show-map id=’10’] Geography
El Salvador is located in Central America. It has a total area of 8,123 square miles, making it almost the same size as the U.S. state of Massachusetts. It is the smallest country in continental America, and is affectionately called the “Tom Thumb of the Americas”.  Several small rivers flow through El Salvador into the Pacific Ocean, including the Goascorán, Jiboa, Torola, Paz and the Río Grande de San Miguel. Only the largest river, the Lempa River, flowing from Honduras across El Salvador to the ocean, is navigable for commercial traffic. Volcanic craters enclose lakes, the most important of which are Lake Ilopango and Lake Coatepeque. It is the only Central American country that does not have a Caribbean coastline. The highest point in the country is Cerro El Pital at 8,957 feet, which shares a border with Honduras

The Roman Catholic Church plays an important role in the Salvadoran culture. Important foreign personalities in El Salvador were murdered in 1989 by the Salvadoran Army during the heat of the civil war. Painting, ceramics and textile goods are the main manual artistic expressions.  El Salvador’s most notable dish is the pupusa. Pupusas are a thick hand-made corn tortilla (made using rice flour dough) stuffed with one or more of the following: cheese, chicharrón a ground pork product and refried beans.  . The pupusa’s exact origins are debated, although its presence in El Salvador is known to predate the arrival of Spaniards.  Two other typical Salvadoran dishes are yuca frita and panes rellenos. Yuca frita, which is fried cassava root, is deep fried and served with curtido (a pickled cabbage, onion and carrot topping) and pork rinds or pepesquitas (fried baby sardines).  Pan con pavo, is a warm turkey submarine sandwich similar to a hoagie. The turkey is marinated and then roasted and hand-pulled. This sandwich is traditionally served with tomato, and watercress.  El Salvador is a Central American country whose culture is a mixture of Pipil and Spanish. Its music includes religious songs used to celebrate Christmas and other holidays, like feast days of the saints. Americanization of El Salvador, has led to English music being played on most national radio stations. In 2007, census showed that 67% of the music on the most popular radio stations, was English.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia