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Puerto Rico


Motto: Joannes Est Nomen Eius – Juan es su nombre “John is his name”
Anthem: “La Borinqueña”

Capital San Juan
Official languages Spanish and English
Demonym Puerto Rican
Government Republican three-branch government
Sovereignty United States sovereignty.
Area 9,104 km² (169th) / 3,515 sq mi
Population July 2007 estimate 3,994,259 (127th in the world; 27th in U.S.)
Currency United States dollar

[show-map id=’18’] Geography
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea, about 1,000 mi east-southeast of Miami.   A possession of the United States, it consists of the island of Puerto Rico plus the adjacent islets of Vieques, Culebra, and Mona Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos. There are also many other even smaller islands including Monito and “La Isleta de San Juan” which includes Old San Juan and Puerta de Tierra.  Puerto Rico has a mountainous, tropical ecosystem with very little flat land and few mineral resources.  Puerto Rico has an area of 5,325 sq mi.  Puerto Rico is slightly smaller than Connecticut.  The main island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south.  The highest elevation is Cerro de Punta (4,390 feet).  Another important peak is El Yunque, in the National rainforest (3,494 feet).  Located in the tropics, Puerto Rico enjoys an average temperature of 82.4 °F throughout the year. Temperatures do not change drastically throughout the seasons. The temperature in the south is usually a few degrees higher than the north and temperatures in the central interior mountains are always cooler than the rest of the island. The Hurricane season spans from June to November. The all-time low in Puerto Rico has been 40 °F.

Puerto Rican culture is a mix of four cultures, African (from the slaves), Taíno (Amerindians), Spanish, and more recently, North American. From Africans, the Puerto Ricans have obtained the “bomba and plena”, a type of music and dance including percussions and maracas. From the Amerindians (Taínos), they kept many names for their municipalities, foods, musical instruments like the güiro and maracas. Many words and other objects have originated from their localized language. From the Spanish they received the Spanish language, the Catholic religion and the vast majority of their cultural and moral values and traditions. From the United States they received the English language, the university system and a variety of hybrid cultural forms that developed between the U.S. mainland and the island of Puerto Rico.  Much of the Puerto Rican culture centers on the influence of music. Like the country as a whole, Puerto Rican music has been developed by mixing other cultures with its own unique flavor. Early in the history of Puerto Rican music, the influences of African and Spanish traditions were most noticeable. However, the cultural movements across the Caribbean and North America have played a vital role in the more recent musical influences that have arrived to Puerto Rico.  Puerto Rico is a major hub of Caribbean commerce, finance, tourism, and communications. San Juan is one of the world’s busiest cruise-ship ports, and Puerto Rico’s standard of living continues to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia