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Dominican Republic


Motto: “Dios, Patria, Libertad”   
“God, Homeland, Liberty”
Anthem: Himno Nacional

Capital Santo Domingo
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Dominican
Government Presidential republic
Independence From Haiti  February 27, 1844
Area 48,730 km² (130th) / 18,815 sq mi
Population July 2007 estimate 9,760,000 (82nd)
Currency Peso

[show-map id=’8′] Geography
The Dominican Republic is situated on the eastern part of the second-largest island in the Greater Antilles, Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic shares the island roughly at a 2:1 ratio with Haiti, making it the second largest country in the Antilles, after Cuba.  The country’s capital and greatest metropolitan area, Santo Domingo, is located on the southern coast.  The country’s mainland has four important mountain ranges.  With mountain ranges running parallel to each other, the Dominican Republic boasts a number of valleys and plains.  There are many small offshore islands and cays that are part of the Dominican territory. The two largest islands near shore are Saona in the southeast and Beata in the southwest.  Four major rivers drain the numerous mountains of the Dominican Republic and there are many lakes and coastal lagoons.  

The culture of the Dominican Republic, like its Caribbean neighbors, is a blend of the European colonists, Taínos and Africans, and their cultural legacies. Spanish, also known as Castellano (Castilian) is the official language. Other languages such as Haitian Creole, English, French, German, and Italian are also spoken to varying degrees. Haitian Creole is spoken fluently by as many as 1.2 million Haitian nationals and Dominicans of Haitian descent, and is the third most spoken language after Spanish and English. European, African and Taíno cultural elements are most prominent in food, family structure, religion and music. Many Arawak/Taíno names and words are used in daily conversation and for many items endemic to the DR.

*Content gathered from Wikipedia